The long-standing conflict between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority and an invasion of the island by Turkish troops in 1974 produced an actual—although internationally unrecognized—partition of the island and led to the establishment in 1975 of a de facto Turkish Cypriot state in the northern third of the country. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Test yourself with this quiz. From December to March the Troodos range experiences several weeks of below-freezing night temperatures, and snowfall is considerable. Average annual precipitation is about 20 inches (500 mm). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Greek goddess Aphrodite was said to have been born in the sea around the island, and a … Greece says if Turkey does not reverse reopening part of Cypriot ghost town, it may seek to trigger economic sanctions. e The Cyprus dispute, also known as the Cyprus conflict, Cyprus issue, or Cyprus problem, is an ongoing dispute between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots. Paphos (where they hold an annual cultural festival named for, Kyrenia (Northern Cyprus). The Kyrenia Mountains—the western portion of which is also known as the Pentadaktylos for its five-fingered peak—extend for 100 miles (160 km) parallel to and just inland from the northern coast. Is Cyprus part of Greece? Its maximum length, from Cape Arnauti in the west to Cape Apostolos Andreas at the end of the northeastern peninsula, is 140 miles (225 km); the maximum north-south extent is 60 miles (100 km). Cyprus, sometimes spelled Kypros, is a large island located in the Eastern Aegean area of the Mediterranean. The ferry is expected to connect either Larnaca or Limassol in Cyprus with the main Greek port of Piraeus, a suburb of Athens. Greece vs Cyprus Betting Tips . Cyprus lies on major migration routes for birds. It brims with millennia-old mosaics and sprouts mystical Greek temples. Cyprus is served by a number of international airlines and is also served by charter airlines, mainly from the UK, during the summer. Archaeological evidence shows that Greek settlement began unsystematically in c. 1400 BC, then steadied (possibly due to Dorian invaders on the mainland) with definite settlements established in c. 1200 BC. Since January 1st, 2008, Cyprus has used the Euro as its official currency. Hot, dry summers (June to September) and rainy winters (November to March) are separated by short autumn and spring seasons (October and April to May, respectively) of rapid change. Its strategic location and relative neutrality in relation to many of the Middle Eastern nations have made it something of a crossroads and it has been helpful in some delicate diplomatic proceedings. Between the two ranges lies the Mesaoria Plain (its name means “Between the Mountains”), which is flat and low-lying and extends from Morphou Bay in the west to Famagusta Bay in the east. Supporters of the Republic of Cyprus may refer to the northern portion as "Occupied Cyprus". To understand this situation, the official European Union page on Cyprus explains the details. Rome2rio makes travelling from Greece to Cyprus easy. Greece, Cyprus threaten EU sanctions against Turkey over Varosha. Distance from Cyprus to Greece is 1,120 kilometers. Re: Greece or Cyprus? Ruins of the Sanctuary of Apollo Hylate near Limassol, Cyprus. Airport codes for Cyprus are:Larnaca - LCAPaphos - PFOIn Northern Cyprus:Ercan - ECN, Your Trip to Nuremberg: The Complete Guide, This Is How Far Greece Is Away From Middle Eastern Countries, Travel to Europe: A Reopening Timeline, Country by Country, How to Navigate Through the Islands of the Caribbean, Plan a Trip to the Island Country of Malta, Use Maps to Plan Your Mediterranean Cruise, Visit Sissy's Palace on the Greek Island of Corfu, A Guide to Lantau Island, Hong Kong's Biggest Island, Doge's Palace in Venice: The Complete Guide, What You Need to Know About Currencies in Europe, Top Tips for Planning a European Cruise Vacation, What a UK Uncoupling From Europe Could Mean for Ireland. The Cyprus Pound was gradually phased out over the following few years. Cyprus has extensive cultural ties with Greece but is not under Greek control. The Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities of Nicosia segregated into the south and north of the city respectively in early 1964, following the fighting of the Cyprus crisis of 1963–64 that broke out in the city. Cyprus lies about 40 miles (65 km) south of Turkey, 60 miles (100 km) west of Syria, and 480 miles (770 km) southeast of mainland Greece. Rome2rio displays up to date schedules, route maps, journey times and estimated fares from relevant transport operators, ensuring you can … The quantity of this pottery concludes that there were numerous Mycenaean settlers, if not settlements, on the island. As in modern Greece? The official languages of the Republic of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish. Summer temperatures in Nicosia range between an average daily maximum of 98 °F (37 °C) and an average daily minimum of 70 °F (21 °C); in winter the range is between 59 °F (15 °C) and 41 °F (5 °C). Crime. Its maximum length, from Cape Arnauti in the west to Cape Apostolos Andreas at the end of the northeastern peninsula, is 140 miles (225 km); the maximum north-south extent is 60 miles (100 km). There is a narrow fertile plain along the northern coast, where the vegetation is largely evergreen and includes olive, carob, and citrus trees. Cyprus is also visited by many cruise ships. The … This is called "The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" but is only recognized as legitimate by Turkey itself. Cyprus has an embassy in Athens and a consulate-general in Thessaloniki. The former British colony was most recently fought over by the Turks and the Greeks. These latter are found only in isolated saline pockets throughout the island. Updates? The Troodos Mountains in the south and southwest are of great interest to geologists, who have concluded that the range, made up of igneous rock, was formed from molten rock beneath the deep ocean (Tethys) that once separated the continents of Eurasia and Afro-Arabia. Cyprus belongs geographically to Western Asia (Middle East) and politically to Europe. Its flagship airline is Cyprus Airways. It is culturally Greek but is not part of Greece. Find all the transport options for your trip from Greece to Cyprus right here. Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, after Sardinia and Sicily, and ahead of Crete. Cyprus is a small independent island located in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and is the third largest island in population and size in the Mediterranean , after Sicily and Sardinia with an area of 9,251 sq. The southern and western slopes are extensively planted with vineyards. Greek is spoken predominately in the south and Turkish is spoken predominantly in the north. Both countries are full members of the European Union, Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Cyprus lies about 40 miles (65 km) south of Turkey, 60 miles (100 km) west of Syria, and 480 miles (770 km) southeast of mainland Greece. As a percentage of population, Greeks and Cypriots record 75.4% and 67.9% homeownership rates respectively. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. Cyprus is an island in the eastern Mediterranean that was divided into a Greek southern side and a Turkish northern side after a coup instigated by the dictatorship ruling Greece in 1974 and a subsequent Turkish military offensive. Cyprus has been divided since 1974 when Turkey invaded the north in response to a military coup on the island which was backed by the Greek government. 16 Oct 2020 (sorry Cyprus lovers) Go for Greece! Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean, has rich, turbulent history stretching back to antiquity. It was, however, part of ancient Greece. It is the third largest Mediterranean island, after Sicily and Sardinia. Louis Cruises is one that offers transit between Greece, Cyprus, and Egypt, among other destinations. There are many flights between Greece and Cyprus, though relatively few travelers include both nations on the same trip. It is located south of Turkey and west of Syria and Lebanon, and northwest of Israel. Canada does not recognize the Turkish Cypriot administration. Egypt Independent. Today Cyprus is a popular tourist destination for visitors from Europe, favoured by honeymooners (as befits the legendary home of Aphrodite, the ancient Greek goddess of love), bird-watchers drawn by the island’s diversity of migratory species, and other vacationers. Greece and Cyprus are embroiled in a dispute with Turkey which has sent gas prospecting vessels into waters claimed by Greece and drilling ships into an … The ferry connection became feasible as the European Commission’s Directorate General for Competition approved state aid of up to €6 million annually. From Limassol, it would take around 16 hours. Among the numerous resident species are francolin and chukar partridges. The only large wild animal now surviving is the agrino, a subspecies of wild sheep related to the mouflon of the western Mediterranean; it is under strict protection in a small forested area of the Troodos range. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The leaders of Cyprus, Egypt and Greece meet in the Cypriot capital for talks on forging closer ties and boosting cooperation on issues including energy following … The Troodos range has pine, dwarf oak, cypress, and cedar forest coverings. Kakopetria in the foothills of the Troodos Mountains, southern Cyprus. The Cyprus-Greece Maritime Connection will be between the ports of Limassol or Larnaca and Piraeus (Keratsini Terminal), and possibly a stop at a Greek island of the choice of the contractor. Fossil remains of elephants and hippopotamuses have been found in the Kyrenia area, and in ancient times there were large numbers of deer and boar. Tucked into its south-western corner, there are plenty of reasons why the town is one of the top draws on the island. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. 7. Cyprus. The Turkish Cypriot state made a unilateral declaration of independence in 1983 and adopted the name Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The general pattern of its roughly 400-mile (640-km) coastline is indented and rocky, with long, sandy beaches. The rivers are fed entirely from the runoff of winter precipitation; in summer they become dry courses. Cyprus vacation rentals in Paphos are a pick for history buffs. The coordinates of its capital, Nicosia, are 35:18:56N 33:38:23E. What Kind of Government Does Cyprus Have? Cyprus was part of the Mycenaean civilization with local production of Mycenaean vases dating to the Late Helladic III (1400–1050 BC). Cyprus is a divided island with the northern portion under Turkish control. It is culturally Greek but is not part of Greece. Between autumn and spring the Mesaoria Plain is green and colourful, with an abundance of wildflowers, flowering bushes, and shrubs; there are also patches of woodland in which eucalyptus and various types of acacia, cypress, and lowland pine are found. The range stretches eastward about 50 miles (80 km) from near the island’s west coast to the 2,260-foot (689-metre) Stavrovouni peak, about 12 miles (19 km) from the southeastern coast. More information on. No. Other common languages spoken on the island are Russian, French and German. Some of the most important sea turtle habitats in the Mediterranean, located in Greece and Cyprus, "remain unprotected," the Bern Convention warned in a press release on Wednesday. This air travel distance is equal to 696 miles. Egypt’s Minister of Electricity and Energy Mohamed Shaker announced Monday that his country is currently studying electricity interconnection with Cyprus and Greece, and that Egypt is eager to participate in all regional interconnection power grid projects. The official languages of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish. The naming of the island is a matter of dispute amongst historians. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Cyprus, Greece, and Israel are steadily building a democratic geopolitical bloc in the Eastern Mediterranean. Autumn and winter precipitation, on which agriculture and water supply depend, is variable. Snakes were widespread in ancient times, giving the island the name Ophiussa, “the Abode of Snakes”; they are now relatively rare. Across the sea, it is located to the southeast of Greece, to the south of Turkey, to the west of Lebanon and Syria, and to the north of Egypt, Israel and the Palestinian Gaza Strip. Hope this helps, have fun looking and let us know how you get on! While Northern Cyprus will continue to officially use the Turkish Lira, in practice its merchants and hoteliers have been accepting a wide variety of foreign currency for years, and this will continue. Politics, society, sports, greek soccer, greek super league, travel, life. East Med: Greece, Cyprus seek more EU pressure to stop Turkey EU has failed to persuade Ankara to stop exploring disputed waters, as Turkey claims it is acting within law. The southern portion is an independent republic called the Republic of Cyprus, sometimes referred to as "Greek Cyprus" though this is misleading. Let’s take a look at the match preview as we try to provide the best betting tips and correct score prediction for this tie. The major rivers in Cyprus originate in the Troodos Mountains. Northern Cyprus still uses the Turkish Lira as its official currency. Settled for more than 10 millennia, Cyprus stands at a cultural, linguistic, and historic crossroads between Europe and Asia. Nicosia is the capital; it is divided by "The Green Line" into two parts, similar to the way Berlin was once divided. Cyprus is a large island located in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, east of Greece, south of Asia Minor, west of the Levant, and north of Egypt. December 14, 2020 2:20 pm. One theory suggests that the large quantity of copper deposits on the island gave the name Cyprus, as copper has the Latin name of cuprum (the Latin symbol is Cu). The lowest average precipitation of 14 inches (350 mm) occurs at Nicosia, and the highest, 41 inches (1,050 mm), is on Mount Olympus. Greece and Cyprus have amongst the highest home ownership rates in the European Union, according to data published yesterday by the statistical agency Eurostat. Another theory is based on mythology: It proposes that the name was given by the goddess Aphrodite (also known as Kyprida) wh… English is very widely spoken both in south and north by locals of all ages - partially because of previous British rule and partially due to the tourism industry. Roughly in the centre of the plain is Nicosia. Cyprus's official name is the Republic of Cyprus. The plain is the principal cereal-growing area in the island. A “golden-green leaf thrown into the Sea” and a land of “wild weather and volcanoes,” in the words of the Greek Cypriot poet Leonidas Malenis, Cyprus comprises tall mountains, fertile valleys, and wide beaches. The close connection between the Arcadian dialectand t… An autonomous Turkish Cypriot administration controls the northern area. DeTraci Regula is a freelance writer who has specialized in Greek travel and tours for 18 years. Facebook Twitter. Its chief cities—the capital of Nicosia, Limassol, Famagusta, and Paphos—have absorbed the influences of generations of conquerors, pilgrims, and travelers and have an air that is both cosmopolitan and provincial. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Access between the two parts of Cyprus has often been restricted but in recent years has been generally problem-free. It was a British colony from 1925 until 1960. The Lusignan kingdom and Genoese and Venetian rule, Establishment of an independent Turkish state, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Cyprus, Jewish Virtual Library - Cyprus Virtual Jewish History Tour, Cyprus - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Cyprus - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). If you travel with an airplane (which has average speed of 560 miles) from Cyprus to Greece, It takes 1.24 hours to arrive. The southern portion is an independent republic called the Republic of Cyprus, sometimes referred to as "Greek Cyprus" though this is misleading. If you choose Skala have a look at the San georgio accom and if you choose Parga I'd opt to stay at Parga town. You can check the conversion rates using one of these currency converters. In practice, many merchants take a wide variety of foreign currency. Cyprus, Greek Kípros, Turkish Kıbrıs, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea renowned since ancient times for its mineral wealth, superb wines and produce, and natural beauty. Greece and Cyprus are embroiled in a dispute with Turkey which has sent gas prospecting vessels into waters claimed by Greece and drilling ships into an area where Cyprus … Assistance to Canadians in the northern area of Cyprus could be limited. They are exploring ways to collaborate in fields ranging from energy to communication technology and defense. Its independence was recognized only by Turkey. Small game is abundant but keenly hunted. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Orange plantations dot the island’s northwestern end in the area around Morphou. With the majority of the EU population living in houses, they are most common in two thirds of the Member States. Greece has an embassy in Nicosia. In spring and autumn millions pass over the island, while many species winter there. Cyprus Greece Egypt Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades, right, welcomes the Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi following their meeting at the presidential palace in capital Nicosia, Cyprus, on Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2020. The Government of the Republic of Cyprus, the internationally recognized authority, controls the Greek Cypriot southern part of the island. Green and loggerhead turtles, which are protected by law, breed on the beaches along the coast. Egypt says studying electricity interconnection with Cyprus, Greece. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Relations between the two countries have been exceptionally close since antiquity. The entire island and the Republic of Cyprus is part of the European Union, though this does not quite apply to the northern portion of the island under Turkish control. It is the southernmost range of the great Alpine-Himalayan chain in the eastern Mediterranean; like much of that extensive mountain belt, it is formed largely of deformed masses of Mesozoic limestone. The range’s summit, Mount Olympus (also called Mount Troodos), reaches an elevation of 6,401 feet (1,951 metres) and is the island’s highest point. Jillian Dara is a freelance travel writer and fact checker. Hans-Peter Merten/Photodisc / Getty Images. You are not an island, but you probably know a lot about them. The rugged island of Cyprus resembles a saucepan, with the handle extending northeastward from the main part. About Cyprus The legendary birthplace of the goddess Aphrodite, Cyprus has been coveted and fought over by a succession of admirers: Mycenaeans, Egyptians, Assyrians and Persians, to name a few. Omissions? The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance between Cyprus and Greece is 1,120 km= 696 miles. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Interethnic violence had earlier caused the partial separation of the two communities. Other, less-productive soils include solonchaks and solonetz soils. Petra tou Romiou, the legendary site of Aphrodite's emergence from the sea, near Old Paphos, Cyprus. Cyprus – Greece ferry connection was discontinued in 2000 mainly due to the drop in the price of airline tickets. Nightlife and cheese-sizzling tavernas aside, you'll be able to wander a vast UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Pedieos, which is the largest, flows eastward toward Famagusta Bay; the Serakhis flows northwestward and the Karyotis northward to Morphou Bay; and the Kouris flows southward to Episkopi Bay. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and Palestine, north of Egypt and east of Greece. In 1960 Cyprus became independent of Britain (it had been a crown colony since 1925) as the Republic of Cyprus. Cyprus is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the earth. Many visitors go to Larnaca (Larnaka), the major port located on the southeast coast of the island. Greece vs Cyprus prediction comes ahead of the friendly international fixture on Wednesday, 11th November 2020, at Olympic Stadium of Athens “Spiros Louis” in Athens. Report inappropriate content . Kind regards, Michaela. Prior to that, it was under British administrative control from 1878 and under Ottoman Empire control for most of the preceding several hundred years. 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